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Report: Fairfax is healthiest area of Virginia
City, county rank near bottom
Thursday, March 21, 2013
RICHMOND — Counties and municipalities in northern Virginia tend to be healthier than their counterparts in the southern part of the state, according to a report released Wednesday.
The report released by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and University of Wisconsin researchers ranked counties by several health factors and other areas such as education, access to health care, and unemployment.
Henry County and Martinsville both had among the lowest health rankings in Virginia.
Localities’ health was ranked on two sets of measures: health outcomes (length and quality of life) and weighted health factors, according to a news release from the Virginia Department of Health.
Weighted health factors include health behaviors (30 percent), access to and quality of clinical care (20 percent), social and economic factors (40 percent), and the physical environment (10 percent), the release stated.
On health outcomes, Henry County ranked the fifth least healthy locality (129th out of 133 localities in Virginia that were ranked) and Martinsville ranked the eighth least healthy locality (126 out of 133), according to the County Health Rankings website (http://www.countyhealthrankings.org). Patrick County ranked 83rd out of 133.
On health factors, Henry County ranked 11th worst (123 of 133) and Martinsville ranked 13th worst (121 of 133). Patrick County ranked 92nd worst.
Under health factors, behaviors include tobacco use, diet and exercise, alcohol use and high-risk sexual behavior. Clinical care includes access to care and quality of care.
Also under health factors, socio and economic factors include education, employment, income, family and social support, and community safety. Physical environment includes environmental quality and “built environment,” and they measure such things as air pollution, drinking water safety, access to recreational facilities, limited access to healthy foods and fast food restaurants.
The report declared Fairfax County the healthiest area overall, followed by Loudoun and Arlington, both in northern Virginia; Albemarle, in central Virginia; and York, in eastern Virginia.
Fairfax, Loudoun and Arlington have filled the top three spots each of the survey’s four years.
The southern half of the state had the highest rates of premature death, physical inactivity, adult smokers, residents in poor physical health, unemployment, children in poverty and uninsured residents.
At the bottom of the list is the city of Petersburg, whose premature death rate was more than double the state average and four times higher than Fairfax County. Petersburg also was last in behaviors such as adult smoking and obesity and physical inactivity, and worst in social and economic factors such as education, unemployment and poverty.
Others among the unhealthiest areas were Tazewell, Buchanan, Dickenson and Henry counties.
The rankings can be used by leaders in government, business, health care, and residents to “create a culture of health in their community,” Dr. Risa Lavizzo-Mourey, president and CEO of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, said in a statement.
“Public health and the health care community play an important role in leading the way to sustaining healthy communities. But so much of what influences good health happens outside of the physician’s office,” state Health Commissioner Dr. Cynthia Romero said in a statement. “What we eat, the safety of our communities, how much family and social support we have and our level of education and understanding all influence our health and well-being.”
The report also included rankings based on various measures, including air pollution, access to recreational facilities and healthy foods, the number of fast-food restaurants, and premature death trends over the previous decade.